The Resource The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences : empirical evidence and policy implications, by Jules A. Townsend, (electronic resource)

The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences : empirical evidence and policy implications, by Jules A. Townsend, (electronic resource)

Label
The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences : empirical evidence and policy implications
Title
The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences
Title remainder
empirical evidence and policy implications
Statement of responsibility
by Jules A. Townsend
Creator
Contributor
Thesis advisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
The criminal courts must be perceived by the public as dispensing justice in order to perform the function of imposing incarceration upon the guilty. Those found guilty of a crime should not be punished for extralegal criteria such as race. A question exists whether certain races, disproportionately represented in the nation's penal facilities, are suffering some portion of their punishment because of racial discrimination. This research is designed to test that question. A model was developed and tested with data gathered from a single year from the criminal records of Dade County, Florida. The results of the regressions did not show a statistically significant difference at the five percent level between whites and blacks, similarly situated, in length of sentences imposed by the criminal courts. The sample then was divided into two subsamples and both were tested. A statistically significant difference between whites and blacks was obtained from the regression of the subsample comprising those defendants whose point totals placed them in the lowest two sentencing cells in the guideline sentencing system. No statistically significant difference was found between whites and blacks whose point totals placed them in the remaining ten cells in the guideline sentencing system. Tests made of the probability of remaining free pending trial and of the probability of a defendant's case being dismissed were also conducted and showed no statistically significant difference between races. A test of the effect of race on change between the charges filed by the arresting agency and the prosecutor also showed no statistically significant difference between races. Problems such as the use of data aggregated from more than one jurisdiction or time period, with the concomitant mixing of crimes with different legal definitions and different laws governing sentencing, the failure to model correctly the complexity and simultaneity of sentencing decisions in the criminal courts, and the inability to scale properly sentence lengths for different crimes have been avoided. Policies to remedy this situation were suggested and it was discovered that such policies are difficult to implement and require that additional resources be devoted to the criminal court system
Additional physical form
Available also in paper and microfiche.
Cataloging source
UMK
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1943-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Townsend, Jules A.
Dissertation note
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Dept. of Economics and Dept. of Political Science. University of Missouri--Kansas City, 1996.
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
bibliography
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Sturgeon, James I
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Prison sentences
  • Prisons and race relations
Label
The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences : empirical evidence and policy implications, by Jules A. Townsend, (electronic resource)
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Advisor: James I. Sturgeon
  • Typescript
  • Vita
Antecedent source
file reproduced from microform
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 156-161)
Color
black and white
Contents
Abstract -- List of tables -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Review of literature -- The model -- Estimation results and discussion -- Policy implications -- Appendix -- Bibliography -- Vita
Dimensions
28 cm.
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
xi, 162 leaves
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote
Label
The impact of race on variation in the length of prison sentences : empirical evidence and policy implications, by Jules A. Townsend, (electronic resource)
Publication
Note
  • Advisor: James I. Sturgeon
  • Typescript
  • Vita
Antecedent source
file reproduced from microform
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 156-161)
Color
black and white
Contents
Abstract -- List of tables -- Acknowledgments -- Introduction -- Review of literature -- The model -- Estimation results and discussion -- Policy implications -- Appendix -- Bibliography -- Vita
Dimensions
28 cm.
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
xi, 162 leaves
Reproduction note
Electronic reproduction.
Specific material designation
remote

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