The Resource Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors : testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents, Alisha D. Howarter

Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors : testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents, Alisha D. Howarter

Label
Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors : testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents
Title
Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors
Title remainder
testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents
Statement of responsibility
Alisha D. Howarter
Creator
Contributor
Author
Degree supervisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
Research shows that socioeconomic status (SES) can impact adolescent use of alcohol and smoking. These relationships may be mediated by stress, psychosocial reserves, and negative emotions. I explored these relationships using the Reserve Capacity Model (RCM) as a theoretical foundation. The RCM suggests that individuals of low social status experience stress and must tap into tangible, intrapersonal, and interpersonal resources, often leaving these reserves depleted. Low reserves, in turn, predict the experience of negative emotions which can result in poor health outcomes. The RCM was later revised to integrate cultural constructs that can serve as stressors and resources (e.g., familism, which prioritizes the role of the family as a supportive network). The purpose of this study was to test the RCM using culturally relevant variables as mediators of relationships between SES, alcohol use, and smoking in a sample of Hispanic American adolescents. I predicted that low SES would positively predict stress (e.g., perceived discrimination and acculturative stress). Stress, then, would be negatively related to reserve capacity (i.e., familism, family cohesion, and fatalism), which, in turn, would negatively predict symptoms of depression. Then, depressive symptoms would be positively related to alcohol use and smoking. A sample of 1,386 Hispanic American adolescents completed self-report measures of these constructs across three school years. Counter to my hypotheses, baseline SES was unrelated to smoking and alcohol use at year three (controlling for baseline levels). Mediation hypotheses were partially supported. Results showed baseline SES predicted increased levels of perceived discrimination at year two, which, in turn, was significantly related to decreased familism and family cohesion also at year two. Family cohesion was significantly related to symptoms of depression at year two, which, in turn, predicted increased use of alcohol and smoking behaviors at year three. Findings suggest that low SES is associated with perceived discrimination, which negatively affects family functioning. In turn, challenges in the family seem to affect distress symptoms, which, in turn, predict alcohol use and smoking. Results imply that interventions designed to address adolescent perceptions of discrimination, or family cohesion, may positively impact rates of smoking and alcohol use among adolescents
Cataloging source
UMK
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1982-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Howarter, Alisha D.
Degree
Ph.D.
Dissertation note
(Department of Psychology).
Dissertation year
2014.
Granting institution
University of Missouri-Kansas City,
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Bennett, Kymberley K.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Social status
  • Hispanic American teenagers
  • Hispanic American families
  • Hispanic Americans
Label
Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors : testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents, Alisha D. Howarter
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • "A dissertation in Psychology."
  • Advisor: Kymberley K. Bennett
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-126)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
Introduction -- Review of literature -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Illustrations -- Tables -- Appendix A. Letter of support, Dr. Jennifer Unger -- Appendix B. Questionnaire constructs and questions
Control code
913600656
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (128 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)913600656
System details
  • The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web
Label
Socioeconomic status, acculturation, family characteristics, and health behaviors : testing the reserve capacity model with Hispanic adolescents, Alisha D. Howarter
Publication
Note
  • "A dissertation in Psychology."
  • Advisor: Kymberley K. Bennett
  • Vita
Antecedent source
not applicable
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 101-126)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier.
Color
black and white
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent.
Contents
Introduction -- Review of literature -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Illustrations -- Tables -- Appendix A. Letter of support, Dr. Jennifer Unger -- Appendix B. Questionnaire constructs and questions
Control code
913600656
Dimensions
unknown
Extent
1 online resource (128 pages)
File format
one file format
Form of item
online
Level of compression
mixed
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia.
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations.
Quality assurance targets
not applicable
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)913600656
System details
  • The full text of the dissertation is available as an Adobe Acrobat .pdf file; Adobe Acrobat Reader required to view the file
  • Mode of access: World Wide Web

Library Locations

  • Health Sciences LibraryBorrow it
    2411 Holmes St, Kansas City, Kansas City, MO, 64108, US
    39.083418 -94.575323
  • LaBudde Special CollectionsBorrow it
    800 E 51st St, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
    39.034642 -94.576835
  • Leon E. Bloch Law LibraryBorrow it
    500 E. 52nd Street, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
    39.032488 -94.581967
  • Marr Sound ArchivesBorrow it
    800 E 51st St, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
    39.034642 -94.576835
  • Miller Nichols LibraryBorrow it
    800 E 51st St, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
    39.035061 -94.576518
  • UMKCBorrow it
    800 E 51st St, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
    39.035061 -94.576518
  • UMKCBorrow it
    800 E 51st St, Kansas City, MO, 64110, US
Processing Feedback ...