The Resource A new measure of economic voting : priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations, by Jungsub Shin

A new measure of economic voting : priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations, by Jungsub Shin

Label
A new measure of economic voting : priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations
Title
A new measure of economic voting
Title remainder
priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations
Statement of responsibility
by Jungsub Shin
Creator
Contributor
Author
Thesis advisor
Subject
Genre
Language
eng
Summary
It is well-known that a voters retrospective economic evaluations influence vote choice. A classic debate within the literature on retrospective economic voting concerns whether voters are sociotropic or egocentric when evaluating an incumbents economic performance. Each side assumes a voter independently considers two perceptual dimensions of economic health, the national economy and ones household financial situation. However, the extant studies overlook the fact that two economic perceptions are correlated. Consequently, our current understanding often fails to account for how sociotropic and egocentric economic evaluations interactively affect vote choice. Moreover, theoretically, voters tend to simplify decision-making when confronted with several alternatives. This notion suggests that voters jointly use sociotropic and egocentric evaluations in a scale rather than use them separately to assess incumbents. Like assuming that voters use a unidimensional scale of ideology though there are several different items that reflect an individuals or a political partys ideology, it is plausible that voters use a unidimensional scale of economic evaluation. On the basis of this notion, this dissertation proposes an improved interval measure of economic evaluation to capture a voters economic assessment in a single dimension and to provide a comparable economic voting measurement across elections. To construct the new unidimensional measure, this dissertation proposes a lexicographic or priority ordering of economic evaluations on the basis of priority heuristic theory, which provides a convincing prediction of how voters jointly use two different criteria of economic evaluation. PH theory argues that decision makers place alternatives along a single dimension by primarily using the first-priority criterion and then using the next priority to supplement the first. In the case of retrospective economic voting, voters may judge the incumbent mainly according to the economic evaluation they value more and use the other to supplement the decision. According to this theoretical expectation, this dissertation proposes a new unidimensional scale of a voters economic evaluation. By treating this ordinal variable as nominal in a logistic regression model to predict the probability of an incumbent vote, this dissertation tests its theoretical expectation that voters use the two economic evaluations in a combined way on the basis of priority heuristics. This theoretical expectation is tested with survey data from the elections of five countries (the United States, Britain, Canada, South Korea, and Taiwan). The empirical findings of this research show that voters order economic perceptions and prioritize in sequence, thus merging sociotropic and egocentric retrospective evaluations. A logistic regression model demonstrates that the order of probabilities in voting for the incumbent corresponds with the ordinal measure. Throughout recent elections in five countries, voters used sociotropic and egocentric economic assessments jointly for making vote decisions. Voters depend primarily on sociotropic evaluations as a component of vote choice. However, they incorporate an egocentric perspective as a complementary criterion. This is a universal voting behavior of economic voters examined in this dissertation. This confirms the theoretical expectation on the basis of priority heuristics. This dissertation proposes an economic voting heuristic, an innovative unidimensional measurement combining sociotropic and egocentric assessments that is theoretically stronger than, and empirically as strong as, traditional retrospective voting models
Cataloging source
MUU
http://library.link/vocab/creatorDate
1978-
http://library.link/vocab/creatorName
Shin, Jungsub
Degree
PhD
Dissertation note
Thesis
Dissertation year
2015.
Government publication
government publication of a state province territory dependency etc
Granting institution
University of Missouri--Columbia
Illustrations
illustrations
Index
no index present
Literary form
non fiction
Nature of contents
  • dictionaries
  • bibliography
  • theses
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorDate
1958-
http://library.link/vocab/relatedWorkOrContributorName
Endersby, James W.
http://library.link/vocab/subjectName
  • Voting
  • Elections
  • Decision making
  • Voting
  • Voting
Label
A new measure of economic voting : priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations, by Jungsub Shin
Instantiates
Publication
Note
  • Includes vita
  • "A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School at the University of Missouri-Columbia In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. James W. Endersby
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 177-186)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
957583800
Extent
1 online resource (ix, 187 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)957583800
Label
A new measure of economic voting : priority heuristic theory and combining sociotropic and egocentric evaluations, by Jungsub Shin
Publication
Note
  • Includes vita
  • "A Dissertation presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School at the University of Missouri-Columbia In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy."
  • Dissertation supervisor: Dr. James W. Endersby
Bibliography note
Includes bibliographical references (pages 177-186)
Carrier category
online resource
Carrier category code
  • cr
Carrier MARC source
rdacarrier
Content category
text
Content type code
  • txt
Content type MARC source
rdacontent
Control code
957583800
Extent
1 online resource (ix, 187 pages)
Form of item
online
Media category
computer
Media MARC source
rdamedia
Media type code
  • c
Other physical details
illustrations
Specific material designation
remote
System control number
(OCoLC)957583800

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